April 12, 2018 | Milan, Italy
Venue: Aula Magna – Politecnico di Milano
Attendees: Representatives of international organizations and NGOs, Funding Agencies, Academicians, Students, Experts
Organisers: Politecnico di Milano and COOPI – Cooperazione Internazionale
Around a seventh of the world’s population – the so called ‘bottom billion’ – does not have a secure and affordable food supply and has only limited access to clean water and sanitation, in addition to a lack of access to modern energy. In this framework, a focus on affected populations in the context of acute emergencies and protracted crises shows that about 60 million people are currently displaced due to violence and conflicts, and an additional 26.4 million people on average are displaced each year by natural disasters.
In the perspective of an integrated approach to an efficient management of resources, energy, water, food, land and climate are closely linked one to the other: the Bonn 2011 Conference and the UN Rio+20 summit provided evidence that improved access to water, energy and food security can be achieved through an integrated approach. However, access to fuel and energy is often neglected in critical developing areas and in humanitarian settings, with negative consequences for the most vulnerable communities, missing opportunities to cut fuel costs over time, enabling income-generating activities, and developing local and sustainable energy markets.
Further research and new best practices are needed to better understand the interrelationships between natural resources and local needs. Natural resources share some common elements: their access is not granted to millions of people; their needs are growing; they are under constraint at a global level; they have different availability at regional level; their exploitation impacts environmental preservation; their management often operates in a regulated market; their supply has implications on global security. Moreover, each of the single resource affects the others, and ignoring this inter-dependency could lead to policies or technological solutions with unfulfilling sustainability requirements.
Despite this, International and Governmental structures still tend to adopt separated policies, hence planning strategies and technology design procedures do not include an integrated vision.
This conference, organized in the framework of the SET4Ffood project (Sustainable Energy Technologies for Food Security in humanitarian contexts) founded by the European Union Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection (ECHO), will serve as a high-level platform for discussion on the integrated approach to global resources management and will address the various dimensions of the problem and how to face it in a comprehensive and effective way. The conference aims at producing a set of recommendations for further research activities and networking on the subject.