The Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) cluster is meant to improve living conditions for refugees and internally displaced people living in camps. It aims to ensure that beneficiaries are provided with assistance and protection and that any gaps in services are identified and addressed. CCCM is also responsible for working with refugee leaders, host governments, and local communities to mitigate potential concerns or incidents regarding access to land and natural resources.
Safe and accessible energy impacts several areas of responsibility within CCCM. Struggles over limited natural resources, such as firewood, can cause tensions between host governments and camp residents, as well as between refugees and local communities. Both groups are often dependent on the same scarce resources, either for their own consumption or as a means of earning income. Moreover, environmental degradation, exacerbated by wood fuel-intensive activities, can further increase tensions between refugees and local communities.
Open fires for cooking, heating, and lighting in crowded camps pose a huge health and safety risk – just one spark or untended fire can result in house fires and injuries to people. Improved cookstoves can reduce the risk of fires and burns.
Ensuring that energy sources, especially for household energy, are available and safely accessible for camp residents – and for host communities where applicable – can help to mitigate tensions over natural resources. Working with both displaced and host communities is also important for best understanding local dynamics, needs, concerns, and preferences.